What is Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections that are spread via sexual contact or close intimate contact with an infected person. The presence of STDs and STIs in children are almost always caused by sexual abuse.
How is Sexually Transmitted Disease Spread?
An STD or STI infection can be spread via sexual intercourse, anal sex and oral sex. The infections are caused by over 30 different bacteria, viruses, and parasites. STD infections include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis. Viral infections (caused by a virus) include herpes simplex I and II, genital warts, and HIV.
While usually spread by sex, STDs and STIs can also be spread via non-sexual routes, including via blood transfusions, during childbirth, via breast milk and donor transplants.
What Are Signs & Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Most STDs and STIs are asymptomatic, meaning there are no symptoms. The most common signs and symptoms are a vaginal or penile discharge and moderate to severe pelvic pain. Other signs and symptoms include (this is not a complete list):
How Are STDs Treated?
Sexually transmitted diseases are treated with antibiotics and anti-viral medications in the form of creams, ointments, pills, intravenous fluids or injections. The best prevention for STDs and STIs is abstinence until you are married and ready to raise a family.
Always consult with your doctor or health provider if you believe you have been infected with a STD or STI.
This has been your medical minute.
More Info On the Web
Sexually Transmitted Disease | Medline Plus
Sexually Transmitted Diseases | NIH: National Institute of Health
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