Photo by BACKGRID

Rapper Cardi B admitted herself to a hospital on Wednesday, after suffering "real bad stomach problems for four days."

The "Bodak Yellow" rapper shared a Twitter picture of her hospital wristband and wrote that she had admitted herself after suffering abdominal pains.

"Honestly, cause I been having some real bad stomach problems for four days, I went to the ER last night," she penned, alongside a crying face emoji.

Stomach pains can be caused by a multitude of conditions such as indigestion, infections, and diseases such as cancer and pelvic inflammatory disease, also known as pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID).

What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disorder is an infection of the female reproductive system, mainly the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Women usually seek medical treatment when they suffer symptoms including lower abdominal pain, foul vaginal discharge, fever, burning with urination, painful intercourse, bleeding after sex, or irregular menstruation.

Cardi didn't share her diagnosis with her followers, so we don't know the cause of her abdominal pain. We are not assuming she is diagnosed with PID.

Untreated PID can result in longterm complications of the female reproductive system including infertility, scarring, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and cancer.

What causes PID?

The disease is caused by bacteria that spreads from the vagina and cervix to the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. The disorder usually affects promiscuous women who have multiple sex partners or one sex partner who is burning.

40 percent of women diagnosed with PID also have a chlamydial infection or gonorrhea. Women who douche frequently can inadvertently push bacteria into their upper reproductive organs.

How is PID diagnosed?

PID is diagnosed during a pelvic examination, cervical observation, laparoscopy, or tissue biopsy. A definitive diagnosis of PID is made when pus is found in the fallopian tubes during surgery or during ultrasound.

How can I prevent PID?

Your doctor will advise no sex until the infection is resolved. If you are a sex worker, you will be advised to use protection such as condoms or barrier methods. You should also get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms of PID.
 

DISCLAIMER

Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP via Getty Images

The Coronavirus pandemic is wreaking havoc on the global economy as stock markets crash, small business shut down, and more employees are being let go or laid off.

Employees who still have jobs are working from home, and restaurants that haven't shut their doors have switched to take-out only or delivery only.

Grocery store shelves are bare. Millions of children are out of school for weeks or months, and nursing homes have banned families from visiting their loved ones.

The mass hysteria over the coronavirus is unprecedented in the nation's history. Never before has the major sports leagues in America canceled their seasons for a virus epidemic or pandemic.

The following are questions culled from my comments section and emails. Hopefully this Q&A will help ease some of your fears and concerns.
 

What is a coronavirus?

A coronavirus is a virus that causes common respiratory tract infections such as a cold virus.

What is COVID-19?

The novel (new) coronavirus is dubbed COVID-19 because it was first identified in Wuhan China in 2019.

Is Covid-19 deadly?

Covid-19 is deadlier than the common coronavirus because it causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and potentially fatal pneumonia among the elderly population, particularly those with chronic illnesses such as respiratory and heart problems.

What are the symptoms of Covid-19?

The symptoms include fever (over 101.5), cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms include sore throat, joint and muscle pain, headaches and weakness.

How is the virus transmitted?

The main route of transmission is via droplets in the air from coughing or sneezing. The other mode of transmission is via touching contaminated objects or surfaces then touching your face.

I have flu-like symptoms? Should I go and get tested?

First, don't panic. Call your doctor or healthcare professional for instructions. Don't go to the hospital unless absolutely necessary.

What is the incubation period for Covid-19?

The incubation period (the time before you experience symptoms) is anywhere from 2 days to 14 days.

Is there a cure for Covid-19?

There is no cure for a virus. There are treatments such as Theraflu or a similar medication to relieve the symptoms.

Who is most at risk for dying from Covid-19?

People most at risk for dying from the virus are the elderly, over age 60, who have chronic illnesses such as cancer, respiratory or cardiac problems. And people who smoke.

I was recently in contact with someone who tested positive for Covid-19. How many days should I self-quarantine?

Follow the quarantine instructions on the CDC's website. Avoid going to the hospital unless absolutely necessary.

Why are young people dying from Covid-19?

Less than 19% of the death cases in Italy are people under age 40. Those young people may have been smokers or vapers. They may also have respiratory illnesses or compromised immunity caused by HIV/AIDS. The data shows that young people who have no preexisting conditions are not affected by the virus.

Is the coronavirus deadlier than the common flu virus?

No. Statistics shows the coronavirus kills an average of 2 people per day (out of a population of 327 million) in America. By comparison, the influenza virus kills 100-200 people per day in America.

Is Covid-19 more contagious than the flu virus?

There is not enough data to know the answer. The CDC is very slow to complete testing - unless you are wealthy or a celebrity.

What is the fatality rate for Covid-19?

According to Dr. Anthony Fauci, the fatality rate is less than 1%. When more Americans are tested for the virus, the fatality rate will fall to 0.1% (same as the flu). About 81% of people who have the virus will recover. A majority of those don't have symptoms.

Is my child at risk of catching the coronavirus?

Photo by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images

The data shows most children who test positive for the coronavirus have no symptoms or mild symptoms. Some children get sick if they have preexisting conditions or weak immunity from a recent cold or the flu. No child has died from Covid-19 anywhere in the world.

Sandra, you keep saying the coronavirus is just like the flu. Isn't that irresponsible?

What I said is Covid-19 is "no worse than the flu." Most people who contract Covid-19 have no symptoms or their symptoms are mild. People who have recovered from Covid-19 say it feels like a mild case of the flu.

Are the gheys more vulnerable to dying from Covid-19?

Homosexuals and transgenders are most at risk if they have weak immunity from HIV/AIDS or some other respiratory illness.

Will washing my hands protect me from the virus?

Washing your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds kills the virus on your hands. But you may still contract Covid-19 if someone who is sick coughs or sneezes around you.

I want to comply with social distancing. How far should I separate myself from others?

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends maintaining a distance of 6 feet from anyone who is coughing or sneezing. The CDC recommends 3 feet of separation between yourself and others.

Can I have sex with my partner if we're positive for Covid-19?

Covid-19 is not a sexually transmitted disease. But transmission during sex is 100% due to kissing. If you are both positive - and neither of you are sick - you can enjoy physical intimacy to pass the time while you're both in self isolation.

Can food transmit the coronavirus?

According to the FDA, there is no evidence that Chinese food transmits the coronavirus.

Why is the response to Covid-19 so different from the response to H1N1 (Swine flu) in 2009?

Thanks to the internet and social media, fake news spreads faster now than it did in 2009. Dr. Roger Marshall, who represents Kansas' 1st district, believes Covid-19 is being "sensationalized," and he says the news media has blown the virus out of proportion. Dr. Drew Pinsky also criticized the news media for overhyping Covid-19.

Why aren't celebrities and athletes who test positive for the virus getting sick?

Because the Covid-19 virus is no worse than the flu. Many people are healthy and have strong immune systems to fight off the virus, so they don't get sick.

Why are so many people dying from Covid-19 in Italy and Iran?

Because the healthcare systems in those countries are not as good as in the United States. Also, many people in those countries are smokers or they were HIV-positive.

Why is there so much hysteria surrounding Covid-19?

Because we live in an era where fake news and bad information spreads instantly via the internet and cable news before it is verified.

What are antibodies?

Antibodies are part of your immune response to any virus. When you catch a cold, your immune system kills the virus then creates antibodies that will recognize that virus and protect you from that virus (except HIV).

If I have Covid-19, can I transmit it to my dog or cat?

One dog in China contracted a "low-level infection" from its owner. The dog did not get sick. Current data shows humans do not transmit Covid-19 virus to their pets.

What is ACE2?

Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, or ACE2, is a protein that Covid-19 virus attaches to so it can enter human cells to replicate (make copies of itself).

Are Black people immune from Covid-19 because we have less ACE2?

No. Black people can still acquire Covid-19, but the symptoms are usually mild to non-existent.

I heard that a Black person died from Covid-19. Is that true?

Yes. A few Black people have died from Covid-19 because they smoked or they had chronic illnesses such as cancer, AIDs, respiratory or heart problems.

I have diabetes. Should I be concerned?

Just like the flu, Covid-19 can drive your blood sugar up. Monitor your blood sugar and urine ketones if you're a diabetic Type 1. Be cautious adjusting your insulin dosage (if you take insulin). You should keep emergency carbohydrates on hand in case your blood sugar drops unexpectedly.

I smoke a lot of weed. Should I be concerned?

Yes. The data shows people who smoke or vape are in the high risk category.

I ordered something on Amazon. It's shipping from China. Should I be concerned?

No. According to the CDC, the virus doesn't survive long on packages or letters. The virus needs a host to survive. Covid-19 can survive up to 9 days on surfaces but only under laboratory conditions. A hot, stuffy UPS or FEDEX truck is not a laboratory condition.

The CDC offers the following tips to avoid spreading the flu or Covid-19 virus:

1. Wash your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds
2. Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands
3. Avoid close contact with sick people
4. Sneeze and cough into a tissue or your elbow
5. Stay home if you are sick
5. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces
6. When in doubt consult with a healthcare professional
 

DISCLAIMER

Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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Gender confusion, also known as Gender Identity Disorder (GID) or Gender Dysphoria, is a psychological diagnosis that has taken on a trendy new meaning, thanks to Hollywood liberals.

GID is a mental disorder that describes a male or female who identifies with the traits and behaviors of the opposite sex. They typically experience a deep discomfort with their own biological sex.

GID can affect children, adolescents, teenagers and adults who believe they are the opposite sex "trapped in the wrong body."

People who suffer from GID should not to be confused with cross dressers or transvestites who share an affinity for wearing stereotypical feminine attire and accessories.

Transsexuals

Transsexuals have undergone sex change operations to remove their genitals or breasts. The procedures are known as top surgery and bottom surgery. The goal of the surgeries is to help them "pass" socially as the opposite sex.

Studies show that 80% to 90% of all transgenders who were diagnosed as children outgrow their disorder as adults and revert back to their biological sex.

Unfortunately, many of these children were given powerful sex hormones which permanently altered their voices, breasts and genitals. More surgeries are necessary to reverse these changes.

Sex Hormones

The singular purpose of sex hormones is to prepare humans for reproduction. Powerful sex hormones should never be administered to children.

In females, sex hormones prepares the lining of the uterus to receive the fertilized egg for implantation. In males, sex hormones changes physical characteristics such as deepens a boy's voice and grows facial hair to make males more sexually appealing to females for the purpose of procreation.

Without testosterone, estrogen would be a male's dominant hormone, meaning men would have the same physical characteristics as females. Since most females are not attracted to other females, the human race would be extinct.

Male sex hormones should not be given to girls to make girls more appealing to other females because females can not impregnate each other. A man does not need breasts because men can't lactate, give birth, or breastfeed a baby.

Diagnosis

GID is diagnosed by a psychiatrist or psychologist, who conducts an interview with the patient to determine the level of discomfort the patient feels. A detailed history is taken and the doctor may speak with the patient's family members.

Treatment

Treatment for GID is often discouraged by liberals and LGBT+ groups who believe being transgender is normal (good) and any form of therapy for transgender children is harmful (bad).

Children are encouraged to declare themselves transgender even if they don't fit the symptoms specified by The Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V).

Children who suffer from GID often suffer from secondary comorbid mental problems such as depression, anxiety, borderline sociopathy and narcissism. If these comorbid problems are not treated, the child can turn to self-harming behaviors or suicide.

If a child is lucky enough to be seen by a therapist, the child will undergo individual psychosocial therapy sessions to help them identity positively with their biological gender.

Transsexual adults often request hormones and surgeries to alter their external bodies.

Detransitioning

Detransitioning is a dirty word in the LGBT+ community. Thousands of "transgender" children who were prescribed hormones have stopped taking the chemicals due to the harsh side effects.

There are as many "detransitioning" videos on YouTube as there are transitioning videos.

This has been your Medical Minute.
 

More Info On the Web

Gender Identity Development in Children | healthychildren.org

Gender Confused Children | Creation.com

Gender Identity Disorder | Free Dictionary

 

 

DISCLAIMER

Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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Photos: Instagram, Getty Images

Rapper French Montana was recently hospitalized with intense nausea, abdominal pain and an elevated heart rate - common warning signs of a heart attack. It is estimated that a heart attack occurs in the U.S. every 40 seconds.

Some patients report heart attacks without any signs or symptoms (S/S). But warning signs are most likely missed because the patient doesn't associate his symptoms with a heart attack.

Solar22 / iStock / Getty Images

Knowing the warning signs of a heart attack can save your life

A heart attack feels different for men and women.

Men may describe crushing pain or pressure in the chest area, left arm pain or tingling and shortness of breath.

Women may describe feeling slight discomfort in the chest, upper back pain, nausea and vomiting or jaw pain that feels like a toothache.

Warning Signs of Heart Attack in men

  • crushing chest pain or pressure in chest
  • back pain that radiates up to neck
  • jaw pain that feels like a toothache
  • pain in left arm or both arms or shoulders
  • nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
  • cold sweat
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  •  

    Warning Signs of Heart Attack in Women

  • slight to moderate discomfort in chest
  • upper back pain
  • neck and jaw pain
  • shortness of breath that comes on suddenly
  • lightheaded or dizziness
  • jaw, neck or back pain
  • burning or tingling in left arm or both arms or shoulders
  • nausea or vomiting, abdominal pain
  •  

    Heart attack treatment works best when started immediately after symptoms are felt. Paramedics arrive with equipment and drugs ready to begin heart attack treatment. If you believe you are experiencing a heart attack, it's safer to call 911 rather than attempt to drive yourself to the emergency room.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    More Info On the Web

    What Does a Heart Attack Feel Like? | Healthline.com

    Heart Attack | Nih.gov

    Heart Attack Warning Signs | Heart.org
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    Photo: Rawpixel/iStock/Getty Images Plus

    Christmas is a holiday tradition filled with joy and laughter. But it can also be a very stressful time for many, especially women.

    Studies show that half of all women in America say they feel stress or anxiety during the Christmas holidays. Increased stress puts our health at risk.

    Almost half of the women manage their stress by eating and drinking to excess. This excess can lead to extra pounds gained after the holidays.

    Here are 10 simple tips to eliminate stress and get you through the holidays so you can be merry and light.
     

    Stock photo by Getty Images

    1. Exercise

    If you feel the stress of shopping, cooking and cleaning over the holidays, just stop, drop and take a little time to exercise the stress away. Exercise reduces anger, tension, fatigue and confusion by lowering your body's stress hormones such as cortisol. Exercise also releases endorphins which help to improve your mood and acts as natural painkillers.
     

    Stock photo: Vkbhat/Getty Images

    2. Squeeze your stress away!

    Squeeze your stress away with stress balls. Stress balls work by keeping your hands busy so your mind will relax your body. If you don't have a stress ball, you can make your own stress balls from common household items.

    In traditional Chinese medicine, the fleshy spot between your index finger and thumb is called the hoku spot. Apply pressure there for 30 seconds to relieve tension in your upper body.
     

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    Photos by Sandra Rose/Sandrarose.com

    3. Hug your stress away!

    Our arms were designed for hugging. Hugging relieves stress and anxiety by releasing a hormone in our bodies called Oxytocin. Researchers call Oxytocin the "cuddle hormone" because levels of the hormone rises when we hug. Oxytocin not only relieves stress, it also lowers blood pressure and decreases the stress hormone norepinephrine. If you're feeling a little stressed, hug it out!
     

    Stock photo: Getty Images

    4. Light a candle

    Burning essential oils or a scented candle can put us in a relaxed mood and reduce our feelings of stress. There are many varieties of candles and scents that calm and sooth our nerves and relieves stress. Aromatherapy can also improve sleep. Some of those scents include:

  • Lavender
  • Rose
  • Bergamot
  • Roman chamomile
  • Frankincense
  • Sandalwood
  • Orange or orange blossom
  • Geranium
  •  

    Photo: Rawpixel/iStock/Getty Images Plus

    5. Reduce your caffeine intake

    We can reduce stress by watching what we eat and drink. Some food and beverages increase our anxiety because they contain stimulants. Caffeine is a stimulant that can wreak havoc in our bodies. If you're feeling jittery, anxious or your hands tremble, you're probably consuming too much caffeine and other stimulants. To improve your stress levels, avoid coffee, tea, chocolate, and energy drinks during the holidays. Try drinking water, almond milk, soy milk, or coconut milk instead.
     

    Photo: EnchantedFairy/iStock/Getty Images Plus

    6. Chew gum

    Chewing sugarless gum is a quick and easy way to relieve stress. Studies show that people who chew gum have a greater sense of calm and well-being.
     

    Stock photo by Getty Images

    7. Spend time with family and friends

    Having a strong family support system can help you get through the stressful holidays. If you don't have family, there are many organizations where you can volunteer, such as children's hospitals, nursing homes, rescue animal shelters, etc.
     

    Stock photo by Getty Images

    8. Laughter

    They say laughter is the best medicine. Laughing helps to relieve stress by relieving tension in your muscles. Laughter also helps your immune system. A study of cancer patients found that patients who laughed experienced more stress relief than those patients who were simply distracted. If you're feeling stressed over the holidays, watch the comedy film Coming To America or a funny TV show. Or hang out with family and friends who make you laugh. Laughing is good for the heart too. No one ever actually dies laughing.
     

    Stock photo by Getty Images

    9. Learn to Say No

    You're probably the responsible family member who saves your money - and everyone knows it - so they come to you for money to buy Christmas gifts or pay their credit card bills. Juggling other people's problems is very stressful and unfair to you. The next time a family member or friend asks you for a "loan," just say "no." Saying "no" helps to relieve your stress in the long run.
     

    Photo by Hinterhaus Productions / Getty Images

    10. Stop procrastinating!

    Procrastinating increases your stress levels by forcing you to scramble to catch up to pay that late bill, which causes stress. Stop procrastinating. Take control of your life by planning ahead and setting goals. Stay on top of your priorities. Buy yourself a notepad or a dry eraser board and keep track of your bills, doctor's appointments, yearly mammograms (if you're over 40), etc. Give yourself easy tasks to do. Make a to-do list and then go down the list and check things off as you complete them. Always give yourself time to complete the to-do list.

    Merry Christmas!

    Sources: Belmar Pharmacy, Healthline.com

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    Photo: YouTube.com

    Social media activist Tariq Nasheed revealed he suffers from chronic gout. Gout is a common form of arthritis that causes intense pain, inflammation and swelling in the joints.

    In a video, Tariq shared that he recently underwent surgeries on his foot to debride an infected wound caused by uric acid deposits in his toe joint. He said his gout is hereditary since his father also has "very bad" gout in his foot and had to have a toe amputated.

    What Causes Gout?

    Stock photo by 4kodiak/Getty Images

    Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in the bloodstream. Uric acid is a normal waste product from the digestion of foods that contain high levels of purines.

    Purines are normally produced in the body and are also found in foods, particularly organ meats such as liver, kidney and sweetbreads, and seafood, including shrimp, anchovies, herring, sardines, mussels, scallops, trout, tuna, mackerel and haddock.

    Stock photo: Rudisill/E+/Getty

    These foods should be avoided if you have gout. You should also reduce your alcohol intake.

    What are gout attacks?

    Gout attacks, also known as flare-ups, occur in waves of sudden, intense pain, redness of the joints and swelling. The pain usually wakes you up at night when the body temperature is lower. The pain intensity peaks at 24 hours and lasts for five to seven days.

    After the attack subsides sufferers usually are symptom-free until the next flare up.
    Gout can be acute (newly diagnosed) or chronic (longterm). Chronic gout is when people experience 2 or more gout attacks per year. Some people have only short breaks between multiple gout attacks. While others may only have 2 gout attacks per year.

    Who is at risk for gout?

    1-2% of Americans suffer from gout. Anyone can get gout, but it is more common among older Black men in their 40s and menopausal women. Risk factors include medications, such as diuretics and cyclosporine.

    Doctors believe gout is associated with kidney disease which may be undiagnosed. People who suffer from gout are unable to clear the uric acid from their bloodstream via their urine due to kidney disease. Since uric acid is not removed from the body in urine, it builds up in the blood and forms irritating crystals which are deposited in the joints.

    Untreated gout can lead to kidney disease and, in rare cases, kidney failure. Some people can have high uric acid levels and never develop gout.

    50% of gout attacks occur in the feet, particularly the joint at the base of the big toe, but gout can also be found in other joints, including the ankles, elbows, knees, fingers and wrists.

    What are signs and symptoms of gout?

    Signs and symptoms include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Joint may feel hot to touch
  • Stiffness in joints
  • Shiny skin over affected area
  • What is treatment for gout?

    Fortunately treatments are very effective in relieving gout pain. Ice packs can make you feel good. Also taking medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including Motrin (ibuprofen), Advil (ibuprofen) and Aleve (naproxen). Colchicine is an alternative for those who suffer from stomach ulcers and are unable to take NSAIDs. Glucocorticoids (steroids) are as effective as NSAIDs. Consult your doctor or healthcare provider for treatment that works best for you.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    More Info On the Web

    Gout (Gouty Arthritis) - WebMD

    Gout | Arthritis - CDC

    Gout - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    Photo by Toby Melville

    As millions of Americans prepare to spend the holidays with their families this holiday weekend, doctors have issued a strong warning not to kiss babies.

    According to Channel 2 Action News, Acworth mom Julie Gamull is still sharing her son John's story from seven years ago. She urges parents to be careful who you let pick up and kiss your baby.

    Stock photo: Granger Wootz/Getty Images

    "People don't want to hurt great granny's feelings or uncle so and so's feelings. It's about protecting the baby. It's not about getting your snuggles and stuff," Gamull told Channel 2 Action News.

    She says John almost died from a respiratory virus he caught from a family member one Thanksgiving.

    "He was born November 13, so we already had friends and relatives in for Thanksgiving not thinking anything of it. Nobody looked like they were sick."

    In fact, Gamull didn't even know John was sick until she took him in for a checkup. That checkup turned into a Life Flight to Egleston Hospital. John was having trouble breathing.

    "We almost thought he couldn't make it. We had a priest come in and give him last rites."

    Jon was diagnosed with a respiratory infection caused by the RSV virus.

    "RSV is really common, especially this time of year," said Dr. Matt Linam, associate professor of pediatric infectious diseases at Emory and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta.

    Linam said for adults, RSV can feel like a common cold, but for babies, it can be very serious.

    "Often, these infants come into the hospital and they need IV fluids because they get dehydrated and they need oxygen because they're having trouble keeping it up on their own. So they can be pretty sick," Linam said.

    Photo by Getty Images/Image Source

    He explained that anyone can spread these harmful germs to babies by simply touching them or breathing on them.

    "Often, these infants come into the hospital and they need IV fluids because they get dehydrated and they need oxygen because they're having trouble keeping it up on their own. So they can be pretty sick," Linam said.

    He explained that anyone can spread these harmful germs to babies by simply touching them or breathing on them.

    That's why Gamull shares John's story every holiday as a precautionary tale.

    "Don't be afraid of hurting somebody's feelings because I think that was probably my fault," Gamull said.

    "I didn't want to hurt anyone's feelings. 'Of course you can hold the baby.' But now that I've been unfortunately on this other side, I would definitely use a lot more caution."

    Thankfully, John is now a healthy and happy 7-year-old, according to WSB-TV.

    Doctors caution travelers to wash your hands frequently, and avoid kissing babies.

    Moms say ask for permission to hold their child and if you think you may be sick, stay home.

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    Photo: Instagram.com

    Actress Gabrielle Union, 47, celebrated Halloween by posting images of herself in a cheerleading uniform from her Bring It On movie days.

    Many of you pointed out a noticeable lump above Union's bellybutton. Your auntie is not a doctor, but the lump appears to be a supraumbilical hernia, which simply means a hernia above the bellybutton. A supraumbilical hernia should not be confused with an umbilical hernia.

    What is a supraumbilical hernia?

    According to Doctors NDTV, a supraumbilical hernia is a type of ventral or abdominal wall hernia. A supraumbilical hernia is less common than umbilical hernias that spontaneously close in some babies by age 3.

    What causes a supraumbilical hernia?

    A supraumbilical hernia is the result of a defect just above the umbilical ring muscle. The umbilical ring muscle weakens and allows fat or part of internal organs to protrude through the small hole.

    The muscle defect combined with increased intra-abdominal pressure causes the hole to increase and allows more of the organ to protrude through. Increased intra-abdominal pressure can be caused by excessive or high-intensity exercises.

    Unlike spontaneous umbilical hernias that may or may not require surgery to close, a supra-umbilical hernia usually always requires surgery to close.

    There is usually no pain or discomfort at the hernia site. Surgery can wait a few months, unless the hernia begins to grow or causes discomfort.

    How is a supraumbilical hernia treated?

    A doctor will perform routine surgery under a general anesthetic to push the protrusion back inside the abdomen and close the hole. Stitches are used to strengthen the weakness in the muscle wall.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

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    Brought It. #CaliforniaLove

    A post shared by Gabrielle Union-Wade (@gabunion) on


     

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    This is 47! Some nuggets I've learned to embrace... As long as I got a plate (full or not) I'm gonna try to make sure everybody eats. If the seat you are offering me at your wack ass table means I cant sleep at night, that's a hard pass for me. I'll go to my grave creating the world's biggest most inclusive table centering the voices, lives and best interests of our most marginalized peoples. My time with my family is priceless. Admit when you are wrong. And dont offer terrible apologies that include "I'm sorry IF..." Center your joy, peace and grace. Always remember that not everyone is going to love you, like you or support you. That's not ANY of your business. You can STILL love them, support them and champion them & their work. You lose nothing celebrating folks, even the ones who would prefer you take a long walk off a short plank. Dont apologize for doing what's right for YOU. There is no pot of gold at the end of your life for doing what everyone else thinks you should. LIVE! Evolution is a beautiful thing. Just cuz you were a dumbass doesn't mean you have to STAY a dumbass. Learn, grow & evolve. Have fun with cool folks and dont leave until the lights come on!! Happy Birthday to meeeeeeeee ????????????????????

    A post shared by Gabrielle Union-Wade (@gabunion) on


     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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    Beyonce's dad, Mathew Knowles, revealed he is battling breast cancer. Knowles, 67, revealed his cancer diagnosis in an interview with "Good Morning America" that's set to air on Wednesday, Oct. 2.

    Knowles, who is the former manager of Destiny’s Child, sat down with Michael Strahan to discuss his diagnosis, his treatment and the implications for his family.

    Breast cancer is rare in males. According to the National Breast Cancer Foundation, only 1 in 1,000 males are diagnosed with breast cancer.

    Breast cancer usually occurs in males who have inherited a mutation on the BRCA genes that suppresses cancerous tumors.

    Not all breast tumors are cancerous. Noncancerous breast tumors are called benign tumors or fibrocystic breasts.

    The most common type of breast cancer in males is called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, which means invasive cancer in the ducts near the nipples.

    Symptoms

    Signs and symptoms of breast cancer include:

  • A painless lump or thickening in your breast tissue
  • Skin changes on your breast, such as dimpling, puckering, redness
  • Changes to your nipple, such as redness or scaling
  • A nipple that begins to turn inward
  • Discharge from your nipple
  • If you have any of the signs and symptoms, notify your doctor or healthcare provider immediately for an evaluation.

    If not caught early breast cancer may invade the nearby lymph nodes and spread rapidly around the body (metastatic cancer).

    Diagnosis

    Diagnosis of breast cancer is made after an abnormality of the breast is found. Diagnostic tests include mammography, ultrasound, and a biopsy of part or all of the mass for further analysis under a microscope.

    The doctor performs a biopsy of the breast tumor and/or the lymph nodes with a needle and a local anesthetic. Sometimes the biopsy requires more than a fine needle. An incision is made and more of the mass is removed for testing.

    Treatment for male breast cancer depends on the size of the tumor and other factors such as cancer staging (1-4), the general health of the patient and the patient's age.

    Treatment

    Treatment includes chemotherapy, radiation, hormones (Estrogen) and surgery to remove the tumor. Treatment is individualized for every patient.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    More Info On the Web

    What Is Breast Cancer in Men? - Cancer.org

    Male breast cancer, Symptoms and Causes - Mayo Clinic

    Male Breast Cancer Treatment - Cancer.gov
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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    Instagram.com

    Toni Braxton broke Instagram when she posted a photo of her hysterectomy scars over the weekend. The mother-of-2 is seen in her bathroom mirror, wearing a skimpy jersey and black panties. The 51-year-old pop singer captioned the image:

    "Embracing my WHOLE body...hysterectomy scars and all...@orangetheory making me feel 29 again! [eye] love me some me!"

    What is a hysterectomy?

    A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus, aka the womb, for medical or cosmetic reasons. The uterus is part of the biological woman's reproductive system. It is where a baby grows when a female is pregnant.

    Why is a hysterectomy performed?

    A hysterectomy is performed for medical reasons when a woman's quality of life is affected by cancer or painful medical disorders such as endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

    Painful medical conditions that may result in a hysterectomy include:

  • Chronic vaginal bleeding
  • Uterine cancer
  • Cancer of the cervix
  • Cancer of the ovaries
  • Fibroids
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Uterine prolapse (when uterus drops into vagina)
  • Endometriosis (painful condition when lining grows outside uterus)
  • Adenomyosis (uterus lining grows into the uterus muscles)
  • What are the types of hysterectomies?

    1. Partial hysterectomy
    When the surgeon removes a part of the uterus but leaves the cervix intact.

    2. Total hysterectomy
    The surgeon removes all of the uterus, including the cervix. Women who have undergone total hysterectomies no longer need Pap smears since the cervix is gone.

    3. Hysterectomy and Salpingo-Oophorectomy
    The surgeon removes the entire uterus, including the cervix and one or both of the ovaries and Fallopian tubes.

    How is a hysterectomy performed?

    Surgeons can remove the uterus in a variety of ways.

    Laparoscopic Hysterectomy - the surgeon inserts a long tube into small incisions below the bikini line. A tool at the end of the tube cuts up the uterus into small pieces and the pieces are suctioned through the tube. Recovery time is about 1-2 weeks. This appears to be the surgery Braxton had done based on the small scars.

    Abdominal Hysterectomy - the surgeon removes the uterus through a large gaping incision in the abdomen above or below the bikini line. This was once considered major surgery. Down time is longer than a laparoscopic hysterectomy, and the pain is more intense.

    Vaginal Hysterectomy - when your uterus is removed through an incision in your vagina. Most women decline this option.

    What are the risks of hysterectomy?

    Risks are rare, but every surgery carries risks from blood clots to serious infections. Follow-up with your doctor is important, as are following post-op instructions and taking all medications on time.

    This has been your Medical Minute.

    More Info On the Web

    Hysterectomy: Purpose, Procedure, and Risks | Healthline.com

    Hysterectomy | Womenshealth.gov

    Hysterectomy, Endometriosis, Fibroids | MedlinePlus
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    10'000 Hours / Getty Images

    If you hop on the pony immediately after giving birth, you may not be waiting long enough.

    One doctor says new moms don't give their bodies enough time to recover before having sex after childbirth.

    Wisconsin-based OB-GYN Dr. Sara Swift tells PEOPLE the "general rule" for waiting to have sex after childbirth "is six weeks or until your provider has cleared you."

    This should be common sense, but some moms are hopping back in the saddle too quickly after giving birth. As a result, they develop infections that land them back in the hospital and away from their newborns.

    Dr. Swift tells PEOPLE of the timeline she would normally recommend, saying that "applies to both cesarean [section] and vaginal [delivery]."

    Some couples are eager to get busy after the baby is born, but Dr. Swift says six weeks is necessary to give the body enough time to heal from what she describes as "a big raw wound".

    "Mainly because where your placenta was is a big raw spot (think big wound), which can be a great place for an infection. That, combined with a dilated cervix, is a perfect setup for an infection."

    Scott Dudelson/Getty Images

    Fans are concerned for Atlanta rapper Lil Baby's health after viral video shows him jerking uncontrollably during a radio interview. The "Perfect Timing" rapper exhibited involuntary jerking movements of his head and upper torso during a recent interview with Atlanta's Hot 107.9.

    Read more »

    VladimirFLoyd / Getty Images

    Have you been humming a catchy song to yourself and you can't get it out of your head? Does the same song loop endlessly in your head for days or weeks at a time? New research suggests "stuck song syndrome" may be an early sign of dementia. In other words, the longer a song remains stuck in your memory, the higher your risk for dementia later on.

    Read more »

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    Researchers say more lesbians and bisexual women are diagnosed with breast cancer than heterosexual women. According to the National LGBT Cancer Network, lesbians, bisexuals and women who have sex with women are at greater risk for cancer due to certain stereotypical behaviors, stigma, and socioeconomic status.

    Read more »