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President Donald Trump bypassed Congress by signing four executive orders at his golf club in New Jersey on Saturday.

One of the executive orders extends unemployment benefits to $400 per week instead of the $600 unemployed Americans received in addition to state unemployment benefits.

The $400 per week benefits are retroactive to the week of August 1.

When a reporter asked if $400 would be a "hardship" for people who were getting $600 plus state benefits, Trump said, "Well, no, this is not a hardship, this is the money that they need."

He added: "This is the money they want. And this gives them a great incentive to go back to work so this is much more than what was originally agreed. The 600 was a number that was there and as you know, there was, there was difficulty with the 600 number because it really was a disincentive."

A second executive order creates a payroll tax holiday for Americans earning less than $100,000 annually. And a third executive order freezes evictions and foreclosures for some renters and mortgage holders until the end of the year, beginning September 1.

A fourth executive order waives penalties and interests for federally held student loans through the end of the year.

In announcing his executive orders, Trump took aim at Congressional Democrats, accusing them of "holding aid hostage" because they want "bailout money for states that have been badly managed for many years".

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President Trump says the 2nd round of economic impact payments may be "way higher" than the $1,200 most Americans received earlier this year.

Phase 4 of the comprehensive Coronavirus relief bill will not be voted on by tonight's deadline (July 31). The White House and Republicans in the Senate are working on a smaller bill than the one proposed by House Democrats.

The Republican's economic stimulus bill would extend the federal unemployment benefits - but at a lower amount: $200 per week in addition to state benefits. The bill would also provide protection for renters who face evictions.

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White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows and Steven Mnuchin, Secretary of the Treasury, met with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer on Thursday to offer 4 proposals.

One proposal would extend the $600 federal benefits for one week to give more time for negotiations. But Pelosi and Schumer rejected the proposals.

On Friday, Trump said, "The Democrats do not care about the people of our country."

But Pelosi said Trump and the Republicans don't care about the American people. "They resent America's working families."

Republicans say the extra $600 benefit is a "disincentive" for Americans to go back to work because some people are making more money on unemployment than they would if they were working.

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Many unemployed Americans who received an extra $600 pr week in unemployment benefits will lose the additional checks because of a quirk in the system.

The extra benefits are set to expire at the end of July, but many jobless Americans will stop receiving the extra $600 checks on July 25 or July 26.

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The extra $600 benefits is set to expire on July 31. After that, jobless recipients will receive only their state's minimum unemployment checks.

Congress is unlikely to extend the $600 benefits to millions of unemployed Americans.

Republican lawmakers said they will include an extension of the unemployment benefits at a 70% wag replacement. That means some Americans will receive an additional $175 to $200 a week, down from $600 a week.

But the White House has said it will not back their stimulus plan if it extends the $600 unemployment benefits.

Republican Sen. Rob Portman, from Ohio, says extending the $600 weekly benefits past July would be a disincentive to return to work if Americans receive more money than they would if they were working.

An additional 1.4 million Americans filed for unemployment this week.

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Americans who receive an extra $600 in federal unemployment benefits in addition to state benefits may get an extension after the extra $600 ends next month.

Some unemployed Americans receive a windfall of $1,000 a week when they collect an additional $600 in unemployment benefits on top of state benefits.

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The extra $600 was part of the $2.2 trillion stimulus package known as the CARES Act that President Trump signed into law in response to the coronavirus pandemic.

Some lawmakers are considering extending the additional $600 in federal benefits next month, but other say the extra $600 creates "a disincentive to return to work."

There are three proposals on the table for the next round of stimulus funding. Two of the proposals would allow Americans to continue receiving the extra $600 a week.

But one proposal calls for a return-to-work bonus to motivate people to return to work.

Republican Sen. Rob Portman, from Ohio, says extending the $600 weekly benefits past July would be a disincentive to return to work if Americans receive more money than they would if they were working.

The most recent unemployment report shows that 2.5 million Americans went back to work last month -- a sign that economies are rebounding as states reopen.