Peter Dazeley

A yeast infection is usually a female health problem, but men can also get yeast infections.

An untreated penile yeast infection can cause redness, itching and intense pain that drives men to seek medical treatment. Serious complications can occur if the yeast gets into your bloodstream.

What causes yeast infections?

Yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida, which is usually always present in or on the body in small amounts.

An overgrowth of fungus occurs when moist, warm conditions create an ideal environment for candida to grow.

One of the most common causes of a penile yeast infection is unprotected sexual intercourse with a woman who has a yeast infection. Another main cause is being uncircumcised.

Other factors include poor hygiene, diabetes, HIV+ status, poor diet, excess sugar in diet, weak immune system, obesity, and medications like broad spectrum antibiotics.

Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of penile yeast infection include:

  • pain in the penis
  • thick white creamy substance under foreskin
  • redness
  • itching
  • shiny patches
  • burning
  • Peter Dazeley/Getty Images


    Over-the-counter (OTC) ointments and creams are effective against most penile yeast infections. Don't self-diagnose your yeast infection. Always consult a doctor or healthcare provider.

    Yeast infections can recur if the conditions are ideal. If your infection doesn't respond to OTC medications, you may be advised to get a circumcision.

    This has been your Medical Minute.


    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    PeopleImages via Getty Images

    Yeast infections affect over 75% of women in the course of their lifetimes. Yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans - a common fungus that lives in and on the body and is usually harmless.

    Candida albicans causes problems when it multiplies out of control, resulting in itching, irritation, foul-smelling discharge and pain during sex or urination.

    Yeast infections (aka thrush) can affect your vagina, mouth, throat (oral thrush), under breasts, armpits and rectum. Yeast flourishes in areas that are moist, dark and warm.

    Women are more affected by yeast infections than males. People with HIV/AIDS are more prone to oral thrush and genital yeast infections.

    Thrush (oral or genital) is not a sexually transmitted disease. Children and adult virgins are diagnosed with yeast infections.

    Some women experience one episode of thrush in their lifetimes, while others grapple with symptoms three or four times a year.

    For most women, vaginal yeast infections can be successfully treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medications.

    Why does vaginal thrush keep coming back after successful treatment?

    Women who experience recurring yeast infections may need to change their lifestyles permanently.

    The following are 10 reasons why yeast infections keep recurring.

    1. Pregnancy

    2. Breastfeeding

    3. Birth control pills

    4. Diabetes

    5. Weak immune system (HIV/AIDS, lupus, etc.)

    6. Taking antibiotics

    7. Using irritating feminine products

    8. Wearing tight clothes (males and females)

    9. Stress and anxiety

    10. Consuming too much sugar in diet

    What is the Treatment for Vaginal Thrush?

    Over the counter (OTC) anti-fungal creams are effective in treating vaginal yeast infections. Miconazole (Monistat 7) is a vaginal cream that is used for 7 days. There is also a more concentrated cream, Monistat 3, that is used over the course of 3 days to treat vaginal yeast infection.

    You should stop using OTC creams and consult your doctor if you experience side effects such as skin irritation, redness, soreness or swelling.

    If over the counter medications don't resolve your infection, your doctor may prescribe a steroid cream for a few days or anti-fungal pills if the creams don't work

    What is the Treatment for Oral Thrush?

    There are no OTC medications to treat oral thrush (yeast infection in your mouth or throat).

    Oral thrush is a serious infection that usually occurs when you are immune deficient and your immune deficiency is caused by a severe infection somewhere in your body (HIV/AIDS, Lupus, etc.)

    Your doctor will prescribe a one-time dose of fluconazole (Diflucan) to treat oral thrush. This medication kills fungus and yeast throughout your body.

    Some full-blown AIDS patients may need to be hospitalized to treat persistent oral thrush.

    One final note about yeast infections and lesbians

    When discussing your vaginal thrush symptoms with a male doctor, it is best to inform him that you are a lesbian who is not sexually active with males.

    This conversation is sometimes necessary because some male doctors are biased and automatically assume you are sexually promiscuous and your symptoms are caused by a sexually transmitted disease.

    It is easy for a simple yeast infection to be misdiagnosed by biased male doctors who may order unnecessary STD tests and prescribe the wrong medications.

    This has been your Medical Minute.

    More Info On the Web

    What Causes Thrush? | Women's Health

    How To Treat Yeast Infection During Pregnancy | Smart Parenting

    What to know about probiotics for vaginal health | Medical News Today


    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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    Monistat 7 is the treatment for yeast (fungal) infections of the vagina. (The #7 stands for 7 day treatment).

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