Guillermo Proano/WENN

Sylvester Stallone was seen dining at Craig's restaurant in Los Angeles on Wednesday. The 74-year-old actor is best known for his sensitive portrayal of a fictional boxer Rocky Balboa in the '70s Rocky film franchise.

Men with barrel chests typically have unusually large, round rib cages. The term "barrel chest" refers to a rounded chest that's shaped like a barrel.

Guillermo Proano/WENN

A barrel chest is not a disease, but it can indicate an underlying medical problem.

The rounded chest shape is caused by the rib cage naturally protruding as a man ages. It is typically seen in obese men and men who have an exaggerated forward rounding back (kyphosis).

Barrel chest can be caused by medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), congestive heart failure (CHF), emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or osteoarthritis.

Barrel chest occurs because the lungs are overinflated with air, and the rib cage remains expanded rather than retract when a man exhales.

When the rib cage remains expanded or protruding, it can cause breathing irregularities and shortness of breath because air is trapped in the lungs and can't be fully expelled.

A barrel chest by itself does not require treatment. But it is a cause for concern if a barrel chest is accompanied by respiratory symptoms.

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YouTube

Elon Musk hosted Saturday Night Live (SNL), where the tech billionaire revealed he was diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome, an autism spectrum disorder.

"I don't always have a lot of intonation or variation in how I speak, which I'm told makes for great comedy," he said, before adding, "I'm actually making history tonight as the first person with Asperger's to host SNL. Or at least the first person to admit it."

Actually, former "SNL" cast member Dan Akroyd also had the disorder.

Critics ripped Musk for not apologizing for comments he made about the Covid-19 vaccine or transgenders.

Despite the criticism, over 3 million people viewed a YouTube video of his monologue over the weekend.
 

What is Asperger's syndrome?

Asperger's syndrome -- also known as high-functioning autism -- is a developmental disability that affects many people in many different ways. In fact, many adults with Asperger's are never diagnosed.

Some adults are only diagnosed with Asperger's when their symptoms interfere with their personal and work relationships.

"People with Asperger syndrome see, hear and feel the world differently to other people," according to the British National Autistic Society.

"Look, I know I sometimes say or post strange things, but that's just how my brain works," Musk said during the SNL episode.

High functioning autism (HFA) generally refers to autistic people who have significantly developed language and independent living skills. They may seem normal because they tend to be highly intelligent, very successful in life, or have a special talent that sets then apart from others.

However, as children they are obsessed with a particular subject or activity, and become upset when that activity is interrupted.

Doctors and parents miss the signs and symptoms of HFA in childhood because the child seems normal except for their obsession with a particular subject or activity. Many HFA children channel their obsessions into successful careers.

Those with Asperger's may also find it difficult to express their feelings, but can be more empathetic or emotionally aware than non-autistic people.

Autism is diagnosed in toddlers and adolescents who have difficulty with interpersonal and communications skills.

Starting in the 1990s, milder forms of autism were recognized in adults, including high-functioning autism.
 

Signs and Symptoms of High-Functioning Autism

Below are some of the signs and symptoms of high-functioning autism (this is not a complete list).

1. Socially awkward

2. Hyper sensitive to bright lights or certain noises (loud music)

3. Depression or anxiety

4. Repetitive actions or behaviors

5. Easily upset when a task is interrupted in the middle

6. Can't handle even minor changes

7. Prefer to be alone

8. Mood swings

9. 70% surveyed say they are LGBT+

10. Repeats words or phrases during conversations

11. Intensely focused on specific interests (gaming, social media, etc.)

12. Have a talent or gift (art, music, writing, etc.)

13. Have a tough time interacting with others

14. Have trouble maintaining eye contact

15. Staring disorder
You sometimes stare without realizing it (until someone tells you or reacts negatively)
 

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Twitter, Getty Images

Earlier this week, Twitter users criticized Tariq Nasheed for posting a viral video of a Holiday Inn employee being berated by a customer.

The employee, Caleb. C., is seen beating himself up after a customer berated him over a reservation error.
 

Caleb later wrote a Reddit post explaining that he suffered from bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder. He also revealed he was in a same-sex relationship.

Studies over the years have revealed a strong link between homosexuality and autism.

One recent online survey of 309 individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) reveled nearly 70% of the respondents were LGBT+.

Research suggests that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) report increased homosexuality, bisexuality, and asexuality, but decreased heterosexuality.

Caleb didn't include autism syndrome as one of his mental disorders. However, most homosexuals with high functioning autism are never diagnosed.

Why is the link between homosexuality and autism important?

The link is important because Caleb should have been at home collecting disability payments rather than working the night shift where he is subjected to abuse.

In 1973, the American Psychiatric Association (ASA) voted to remove homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses. As a result, people like Caleb, who are autistic and suffer from other mental disorders, can't apply for disability payments.

Most people who viewed the video of Caleb's meltdown agree that he shouldn't have been working a front desk job -- even though he was working the overnight shift.

He beat himself up -- first with his fist and then with a computer monitor -- because lacked the coping skills to withstand the harassment from the customer.

A GofundMe account created for Caleb has raised $130,000. But it's clear that he can't work a public-facing job again.

If you are LGBT+ and have ever wondered "Am I autistic?", the following signs and symptoms may apply to you:

1. Socially awkward

2. Hyper sensitive to bright lights or certain noises (loud music)

3. Depression or anxiety

4. Drawn to repetitive actions or behaviors

5. Easily upset when told to stop a task in the middle

6. Can't handle even a minor change

7. Prefer to be alone

8. Common phrases confuse you ("No man is an island")

9. You don't recognize sarcasm

10. You repeat words or phrases during conversations

11. You are intensely focused on specific interests (gaming, social media, etc.)

12. Have an exceptional talent (art, music, writing, etc.)

13. Have a tough time interacting with others

14. You're lactose intolerant

15. You sometimes stare without realizing it (someone tells you you're staring)

Prince Williams/FilmMagic

Emmy-winning news anchor Jovita Moore underwent surgery to remove two small brain tumors early Friday morning.

Jovita worked as a news reporter and anchor at Channel 2 Action News for two decades.

[Click here to leave your well wishes for Jovita]

Just before going on the air Monday, Jovita told Channel 2's Justin Farmer that she wasn't feeling well.

Later, as she walked through a grocery store parking lot, she felt lightheaded. "I was walking. I remember walking across parking lot and feeling like I wasn't going to make it to the door. I was walking like in quicksand," Jovita said.

Marcus Ingram/Getty Images

She was rushed to an emergency room, where a brain scan revealed two small brain masses.

Jovita told co-workers she was sometimes "forgetful, disoriented and just not feeling myself."

What is a Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal brain cells clump together to form a mass. As the tumor grows, it presses on the surrounding tissue. Eventually, the pressure on surrounding structures causes symptoms, such as in Jovita's case.

Brain tumors can remain in the brain or metastasize (spread) elsewhere in the body.

Cancer in other parts of the body, such as the lungs, can metastasize to the brain.

Tumors may be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

What are the risk factors for a brain tumor?

A family history of cancer is one of the risk factors. About 5 to 10 percent of all cancers are hereditary.

Brain tumors are diagnosed more often in Caucasians and biracial, mixed people.

Certain chemicals, such as industrial cleaners, solvents, or medications can increase your risk for brain cancer.

Exposure to radiation can also increase risk.

According to the American Brain Tumor Association, people who never had childhood chicken pox are at greater risk of getting brain tumors.

Signs and symptoms of a brain tumor

Signs and symptoms of a brain tumor depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor within the brain. The space surrounding the brain inside the skull doesn't allow for much wiggle room. A tumor, or even an aneursym, will press on surrounding tissues causing noticeable signs and symptoms.

Signs & symptoms include:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, vertigo
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Loss of balance
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Confusion, disorientation
  • Change in mental status
  • Memory loss
  • Hand tremors
  • Difficulty walking
  • Numbness or tingling on one side of the body
  • Difficulty speaking
  •  

    How are brain tumors diagnosed?

    Your doctor will order diagnostic tests and perform a physical exam. The doctor will use an ophthalmoscope to visualize your optic nerves inside your eues. The scope shines a light in your eyes to see if your pupils are unequal or dilated.

    Diagnostic tests include CT scan, MRI, angiography and skull X-rays.

    How are brain tumors treated?

    Treatment depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor. The most common treatment is surgery to remove the tumor.

    Surgery can also be combined with chemotherapy and radiation.

    There are risks involved with brain surgery, such as loss of mobility, loss of speech and paralysis. Post-surgical infection is also likely.

    Patients may temporarily lose the ability to walk or speak after surgery, depending on the location of the tumor that was removed.

    Some patients will require physical therapy or speech therapy after surgery.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    C Flanigan/FilmMagic

    Rapper and music producer Dr. Dre suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm that landed him in an ICU at Cedars Sinai Medical Center.

    Most people who suffer a brain aneurysm have no symptoms until the aneurysm ruptures, causing bleeding in the brain.

    Dr. Guillermo Linares, associate professor of neurology at St. Louis University, explained a brain aneurysm to FOx2Now.

    "What a brain aneurysm is it's an abnormality in one of the [blood] vessels, the wall of the vessel in the brain. It is an area of weakness," he said. "This area of weakness allows for a small blister or pouch to develop and because, it's weaker, it has a tendency to rupture."

    Dr. Linares, who didn't treat Dre, added: "When it ruptures, the high pressure with the blood inside the artery, pushes the blood out and it can cause brain damage. I think in lucky cases the bleeding stops right away and the only thing one would experience is a very severe headache."

    Dr. Linares said anti-hypertensive medicine to control high blood pressure and avoid smoking can prevent brain aneurysms from rupturing.

    "Those two things are the biggest modifiable risk that will probably prevent an aneurysm from rupturing."

    Linares says there are warning signs to look for.

    "So, the sudden onset of the worst headache of someone's life," he said. "Especially if accompanied by a difficulty with speaking or weakness in an arm or leg or an asymmetry in the face, should prompt a 911 call right away."

    Peter Dazeley

    A yeast infection is usually a female health problem, but men can also get yeast infections.

    An untreated penile yeast infection can cause redness, itching and intense pain that drives men to seek medical treatment. Serious complications can occur if the yeast gets into your bloodstream.

    What causes yeast infections?

    Yeast infection is caused by a fungus called Candida, which is usually always present in or on the body in small amounts.

    An overgrowth of fungus occurs when moist, warm conditions create an ideal environment for candida to grow.

    One of the most common causes of a penile yeast infection is unprotected sexual intercourse with a woman who has a yeast infection. Another main cause is being uncircumcised.

    Other factors include poor hygiene, diabetes, HIV+ status, poor diet, excess sugar in diet, weak immune system, obesity, and medications like broad spectrum antibiotics.

    Signs & Symptoms

    Signs and symptoms of penile yeast infection include:

  • pain in the penis
  • thick white creamy substance under foreskin
  • redness
  • itching
  • shiny patches
  • burning
  • Peter Dazeley/Getty Images

    Treatment

    Over-the-counter (OTC) ointments and creams are effective against most penile yeast infections. Don't self-diagnose your yeast infection. Always consult a doctor or healthcare provider.

    Yeast infections can recur if the conditions are ideal. If your infection doesn't respond to OTC medications, you may be advised to get a circumcision.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    Photo may have been deleted

    Chicago PD

    A mugshot that shows a Chicago man suffering from a serious case of facial psoriasis is going viral on social media.

    Psoriasis is a chronic (longterm) skin condition caused by overactive skin cells that build up in scaly patches.

    The scaly patches can be painful and itchy when the condition flares up. Psoriasis comes and goes and can last for weeks or months.

    It's rare for psoriasis to only affect the face. The condition is more commonly seen on elbows, knees, lower back, and the scalp. A similar condition called seborrheic dermatitis affects mainly the scalp and hairline,
     

    What causes facial psoriasis?

    There is no known cause for facial psoriasis. Doctors believe genetics and the immune system may be factors.

    Psoriasis flare ups can be triggered by:

  • stress
  • sunburn
  • yeast infection
  • side effects to medications
  • cold, dry weather
  • smoking
  • alcohol use
  •  

    Treatment

    Your doctor may prescribe medications to treat psoriasis and the symptoms it causes.

    Medications include creams, ointments or foam containing mild corticosteroids, Vitamin D and retinol.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

    Yesterday, my post about President Trump achieving immunity against Covid-19 touched a nerve in some of my readers who decided to challenge my knowledge of immunity and antibodies.

    In this post I will try to address some of the misconceptions and misinformation expressed in my comments section.
     

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    This comment is incorrect. You can't have immunity without antibodies. The two fit together like a hand in glove. Immunity simply means the antibodies will recognize Covid-19 and kill it if it tries to re-infect the body. This protection can last for months or a lifetime.
     

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    Someone can be immune and still test positive if the virus is in his body at the time of the test. If you've ever had a cold caused by a coronavirus in your lifetime, you are likely immune to Covid-19. You won't show symptoms (asymptomatic), but you will still test positive for Covid-19.
     

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    Asymptomatic means you are infected with the virus but you don't get sick (no symptoms). Immunity means you have the antibodies against the virus, so you won't get sick if you are infected.
     

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    This is incorrect. Millions of people have developed antibodies and immunity against the coronavirus. Their serum contains antibodies and doctors use their serum to transfer immunity to others. The CDC and Dr. Fauci have released a lot of misinformation about Covid-19.
     

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    It is not necessary to receive treatment in order to become immune. If your immune system is healthy it will develop antibodies to attack an invading virus and prevent that same virus from infecting you again.
     

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    What you quoted doesn't specify immunity. But your definition for immunity explains why antibodies are necessary for immunity. Trump's doctor said he has antibodies to the coronavirus. That means Trump has developed antibodies to give him immunity (long-term protection) against Covid-19.
     

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    People diagnosed with HIV or AIDS are in the high-risk category for Covid-19. They are not immune to Covid-19. Coronavirus can be suppressed and destroyed by a healthy immune system. But the HIV virus attacks and destroys the immune system before it can put up a fight.

    Antiviral or antiretroviral drugs slow the progression of HIV to AIDS by preventing HIV from attaching to and entering white blood cells (WBCs) of the immune system. If the HIV virus can't enter cells, then it can't destroy the immune system and it can't replicate (make copies of itself).

    AFP via Getty Images

    US President Donald Trump experienced mild shortness of breath after walking up the South Portico steps as he arrived at the White House from Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where he underwent treatment for Covid-19 on Monday, Oct. 5 [see video below].

    Patients who are recovering from a respiratory illness will experience air hunger after exertion, such as walking up steps. It is usually not a cause for concern.

    AFP via Getty Images

    Dyspnea or air hunger is mild to moderate difficulty breathing after exertion, such as climbing steps. It is an uncomfortable feeling that usually lasts less than 2 minutes, but it can last longer.

    Dyspnea on exertion, also known as shortness of breath, occurs when the body is craving oxygen after quickly using up oxygen stores doing exercise or another strenuous activity.

    People who exhibit air hunger after exertion typically feel anxiety from the sensation of not being able to get enough air in their lungs.

    Gradyreese via Getty Images

    Anyone can experience mild air hunger or dyspnea after exercising -- even world class athletes and joggers.

    Sometimes, air hunger is just a case of being out of shape, and exercise can improve symptoms. But it can be a sign of a serious health issue.

    Signs & Symptoms of Air Hunger (Dyspnea)

  • shortness of breath after exertion or due to a medical condition
  • feeling smothered or suffocated as a result of breathing difficulties
  • anxiety or panic attack
  • labored breathing
  • tightness in the chest
  • rapid, shallow breathing
  • heart palpitations
  • wheezing
  • coughing
  • Air hunger or dyspnea without exertion is a medical emergency. You should be seen by a doctor immediately.

    Care should be taken to avoid over-exerting yourself during the recovery stage of an illness when you are regaining your strength following an illness.

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

     

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

    Dave Benett/Getty Images

    Coprophilia, also known as Scatophilia or Scat, was in the headlines this week after NFL star Odell Beckham Jr. was accused of being sexually arousal by bowel movements.

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    Screengrab: YouTube.com

    The 27-year-old Cleveland Browns wide receiver trended on Twitter after adult film star Slim Danger, who shares a child with rapper Chief Keef, went on a podcast and accused the football star of having an obsession with watching people defecate or being defecated on.

    A morbid attraction or fetish for the smell, taste or sight of feces is a paraphilia often associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    The paraphilia begins in childhood when toddlers take pleasure in holding or retaining and then expelling their stool or urine.

    Coprophilia can be reinforced by masturbation and may become a fetish by age 17.

    Each time masturbation reinforces the coprophilia, it becomes more difficult to modify or erase the behavior.

    This can cause significant stress and anxiety or impairment of social or occupational functioning in men, according to Psychology Today.

    The disorder is rare and impacts 20 times more males than females. Women tend to be repulsed by the odor of excrement.

    Bauer-Griffin/GC Images

    Most men with the disorder hide their fetish in more traditional sexual activity with women. They may prefer that women use straps on them during sex. The man will usually forego the use of enemas to evacuate his bowels before sex.

    Coprophilia, or Scatophilia, is largely ignored in psychology. Any literature on the subject groups it in with other paraphilias such as necrophilia or pedophilia.

    "People with paraphilia seem to have grown up in dysfunctional environments and to have had early sexual experiences that limited their ability to be sexually stimulated by consensual sexual activity," according to the text Human Sexuality.

    Paraphilias are treated with counseling and therapy to help men cope with their anxiety and modify their behavior. But most men with the disorder never self-report and tend to hide their shame.

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    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.