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Anyone with breasts can develop breast cancer regardless of sex or gender.

Cancer occurs when abnormal breast cells divide and grow despite controls in place to block abnormal cell division.

Most people have abnormal cells. It isn't clear what triggers abnormal cells to begin dividing.

According to, researchers know that certain hormones, genetics, lifestyle, and environmental risk factors can increase the likelihood of breast cancer.

But people with few or no risk factors can still develop breast cancer, and people with many risk factors may never develop breast cancer.

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A new study shows the breast cancer rate among women 50 and over is rising dramatically.

What Causes Breast Cancer?

Normal cells such as skin cells constantly divide to renew itself. But abnormal cells divide rapidly and grow out of control.

As abnormal cells divide, they clump together in a mass or lump that develops its own blood supply. The cancer may spread to other structures and organs (metastatic cancer).

Most breast cancers in women and men start in the milk ducts; this is called invasive ductal carcinoma. Other breast cancers start in breast tissue cells, including glandular tissue called lobules; this is called invasive lobular carcinoma.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors

Breast cancer risk factors include certain hormones, genetics, lifestyle, and environmental risk factors. More causes of breast cancer are listed below.


The risk increases with age, which is why the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends yearly mammograms starting at age 40.


Risk factors increase if a woman has a close family member with a history of breast cancer.

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Women who drink alcohol have an increased risk of breast cancer.

Sugar consumption

Drinking too many sugary beverages (sodas) may increase the risk of death from cancer.

Age of 1st menstruation cycle

Women who began menstruating before age 12 are at risk of breast cancer.



Giving birth to your first child after age 30 can increase your breast cancer risk. But women who have never been pregnant are at a greater risk of breast cancer than women who have given birth one or more times.


Women who are on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), specifically HRT that combines estrogen and progesterone, increases the risk for certain types of breast cancer.


Obese postmenopausal women have a higher risk of breast cancer.

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Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. Always consult with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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A barrel chest refers to a naturally large ribcage, large lung capacity, a round torso, a sunken abdomen, and great upper body strength. The term refers to men with chests shaped like a barrel.

Barrel chests can occur in adults and children. The condition is most often observed in men.

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Men with barrel chests typically have a medical condition that causes distention of the upper torso and ribcage.

Causes of Barrel Chest

A barrel chest can indicate an underlying medical problem, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), congestive heart failure (CHF), emphysema, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, or smoker's cough.

Lung disorders cause the lungs to over-inflate with air as they work harder. This causes the ribcage to expand when a man exhales.

When the rib cage remains expanded it can cause breathing problems and shortness of breath because air is trapped in the lungs and can't be fully expelled.

A barrel chest is a cause for concern if it is due to a chronic lung condition.

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing (dry or productive)
  • Gasping
  • Shortness of breath
  • Air hunger
  • Inability to take a deep breath
  • Sore chest/ribs
  • Back pain
  • Low oxygen levels
  • High C02 levels
  • Difficulty walking or exercising
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Posture changes


There is no specific treatment for barrel chest. Doctors treat the underlying medical condition that causes it. In some cases, treating the underlying medical condition will improve the appearance of a barrel chest.

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On Saturday, Usman Garuba, the Houston Rockets power forward, apparently suffered loose bowels while participating in his home country Spain's World Cup qualifying matchup against the Netherlands.

Garuba could be seen huddling with his teammates near the bench. Sharp-eyed observers noticed he had brownish liquid on the back of his white shorts.

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The images went viral, causing Twitter users to say he accidentally pooped in his pants.

The stain on Garuba's shorts may or may not be diarrhea, but rumor has it that NBA players routinely poop their pants during the heat of competition.

"I've seen a couple white shorts where you see someone had a little accident on the back. Just ask any NBA equipment manager," Phoenix Suns star Devin Booker told TrueHoops in 2021.

Diarrhea is a common and troubling symptom of Crohn's disease, an inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract.

The severity of symptoms depends on what part of the intestines is inflamed.

Ulcerative colitis is another type of inflammatory bowel disease with similar signs and symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of Crohn's:

  • Frequent diarrhea
  • An urgent need to move your bowels
  • Blood in your stool
  • Mucus in stool
  • Trouble controlling your bowels
  • Pain and cramps in middle or lower right abdomen
  • Weight loss due to inability to absorb nutrients

Crohn's disease can progress over time and symptoms can get much worse and lead to serious complications.

While Crohn's is an incurable condition, relief is possible with early and consistent treatment and proper diet.

Medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should consult with your personal physician or a health care provider if you have symptoms. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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Do you ever feel dizzy or lightheaded when you stand up or after lying down?

Orthostatic hypotension, also called postural hypotension, is a sudden drop in blood pressure after standing up.

When you stand up, your blood rushes to your legs, causing a sudden drop in your blood pressure.

Your heart has to work harder to raise your blood pressure and heart rate to move your blood around your body.

It may take a minute or so for your blood pressure and heart rate to stabilize.

Untreated orthostatic hypotension can lead to an early death.

Causes of Orthostatic Hypotension

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Orthostatic hypotension is more common among the elderly population and people with heart disease, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, anemia, thyroid problems, and alcoholism.

As we age, the heart cells and arteries that keep our blood pressure normal respond more slowly.

Some factors that may cause orthostatic hypotension include not drinking enough water or sweating excessively when working out, which leads to dehydration.

Medications That Cause Orthostatic Hypotension

Medications that treat erectile dysfunction, Parkinson's, hypertension, diuretics (water pills), antidepressants and antipsychotics can also cause your blood pressure to drop when standing.

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Postprandial hypotension occurs in people who feel dizzy after eating. The brain sends more blood to the abdominal area to digest food after eating. When you stand, your blood rushes to your legs and you feel dizzy.

If you feel dizzy or lightheaded upon standing, call your doctor, or go to the nearest emergency room to be evaluated to determine what is causing your blood pressure to drop.

Always stand up slowly from a sitting position. If you're lying down, swing your legs off the bed first, then sit on the edge of the bed for a few moments before standing slowly.

Your goal is to reduce the risk of a fall that may cause serious injuries.

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Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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By now you are aware of the reports of young athletes and other adults dropping dead from cardiac arrest or strokes.

Former Notre Dame and NFL player Paul Duncan is the latest casualty of sudden cardiac arrhythmia that is causing sudden death in young people with no history of heart disease. He was only 35 years old.

Duncan was out running in DeKalb County, Ga. on July 16 when he suddenly collapsed and died after suffering a cardiac arrest his wife Ellen Duncan shared in a post on Instagram.

"Paul went into cardiac arrest while on a run in our neighborhood," she wrote. "Today he was pronounced brain dead. We will have a medical examination to understand cause of death."

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Sudden Adult Death Syndrome (SADS) means an unexplained cardiac arrhythmia that leads to cardiac arrest. An arrhythmia is when the heart beats irregularly causing improper filling of blood in the heart's chambers. Thus causing a sudden decrease in oxygenated blood to the brain and vital organs. Death is imminent.

Doctors aren't sure what is causing SADS among the population of young people.

"There appears to be no evidence whatsoever so far linking Covid-19 vaccines" and SADS, immunologist Satyajit Rath said. The SADS Foundation also issued a statement saying it recommends that SADS patients receive the Covid-19 shot.

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Doctors say SADS predates the pandemic and that young people were dropping dead before the pandemic.

But others experts say not so fast.

The head of the Concerned Doctors and Citizens of the Philippines (CDCPh) who goes by the username SuperSally 888 says researchers aren't looking at the right evidence to find a cause.

"In medicine and forensics, if you don't look in the right place, the right way at the evidence, you will not find anything. Young healthy people do not just die unexpectedly, there is always a cause! It just needs to be found."

She goes on to suggest the vaccine-induced spike protein production in the body's cells may be the culprit.

"If heart muscle cells are co-opted to spike protein production, not only is their normal function disrupted, but they will be targeted for destruction by the immune system and ultimately replaced by scar tissue which does not conduct electricity," she said.

She is referring to a node in the heart's upper chamber that acts like a spark plug sending electrical signals to the heart muscle causing it to contract.

Dr. Peter A. McCullough, a world leading cardiologist, says "Prior to 2021, year-on-year population death rates were typically very stable with minimal percent changes over time. Suddenly in 2021 there was mass unprecedented excess mortality in countries concurrent with their vaccine roll-out."

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According to the Fulton County Medical Examiner's Office, Kevin Samuels died from natural causes.

According to the report, obtained by TMZ, Samuels's heart gave out due to high blood blood pressure (hypertension).

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The medical examiner released the cause of death two months after the 57-year-old relationship guru suffered a cardiac arrest and died in his Atlanta apartment on May 5, 2022.

The autopsy results determined his heart failure was brought on by the prolonged effects of high blood pressure.

Blood pressure means the force of blood against the walls inside the arteries. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 and below. High blood pressure is 140/90 and above.

The pressure in the arteries is measured by 2 numbers: systolic and diastolic. The top number (systolic) means the pressure inside the arteries when the heart beats (contracts).

The bottom number (diastolic) means the pressure in the arteries between beats when the heart is at rest.

Blood pressure readings of 130/80 to 139/89 are considered stage 1 hypertension. Your doctor will prescribe blood pressure medications and/or diuretics (water pills) to bring your blood pressure down to normal.

Your doctor will also suggest lifestyle changes such as no added salt in your diet, and exercise at least 150 minutes a week.

A blood pressure reading of 180/120 is considered a hypertensive crisis because such high pressure in your arteries can cause strokes, heart disease, and death.

Symptoms of chronic (longterm) high blood pressure includes headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, weakness and fatigue.

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Samuels may not have known he had high blood pressure, which is why hypertension is called the "silent killer."

Kevin Samuels grew a large following of mostly fatherless males on his YouTube channel. He was considered the leader of the so-called "manosphere" movement, a group of men who yearn for the traditional male, female gender roles.

Samuels was apparently addicted to Red Bull energy drinks, which may have been a contributing factor to his longterm high blood pressure.

Watch the video below.

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Pastor John Gray is in a critical care unit (CCU) after being diagnosed with rare blood clots in his lungs called saddle pulmonary embolism (PE).

The pastor's wife, Aventer Gray, took to Instagram to advise her followers of her husband's grave medical condition.

She shared several photos in a post on her @iamaventergray Instagram page on Sunday, July 10.

She captioned the post: "Hello family. My family and I stand in need of a miracle. Please keep my husband @realjohngray in your prayers..."

Aventer, who shares 2 minor children with Gray, went on to explain he "was feeling a little different" over the past few weeks. He went to the emergency room on Thursday "and was immediately admitted to CCU with a saddle Pulmonary Embolism in the pulmonary artery and more lung blood clots."

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Aventer continued:

"The Saddle PE is in a position that could potentially end his life if it shifts at all. The clot burden is severe and only God is holding it in place. He is currently in CCU and based on CT & Echo we will need two types of surgery due to the pressure now on the heart within the next 24 hours. To place this in perspective, the doctor said that people have come into the hospital dead with this exact scenario he walked in with.

"The Doctor said God has to keep him through the night and he can not move, not even get up to walk to a bathroom.

"Ok, COOL! Thanks ma'am! God isn't done! I don't care what CT, ECHO, All or any of the tests show! It's clear God isn't finished. Clots have to bow to my God! That's all! I need as many people who believe in the miracle healing power Of Jesus Christ to join me and my family and our church as we cry out on behalf of John W. Gray III.

"I'm rocking with God, Relentlessly!"


What is a saddle pulmonary embolism?

A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that causes a blockage in the main pulmonary artery in the lungs.

A saddle pulmonary embolism is so named because of its position in the main pulmonary artery trunk between the lungs.

A saddle PE is a large blood clot that lodges where the main pulmonary artery trunk branches off to carry deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart into each lung to be oxygenated.

Any PE is dangerous because clots block blood flow in one or both lungs. A large saddle PE blood clot can break off and cause multiple blockages in both lungs leading to right-sided heart failure and death.

What causes saddle PE?

The blood clot (thrombus) typically breaks off in the veins of the arms or legs (DVT) and travels to the pulmonary arteries in the lungs where it becomes lodged and blocks the flow of blood around it.

What are the signs and symptoms of saddle pulmonary embolism?

Some patients diagnosed with saddle PE don't show signs or symptoms. Signs symptoms of a saddle PE are the same as any other PE:

  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • cough
  • coughing up blood-tinged sputum
  • difficulty breathing
  • rapid heart rate
  • irregular heartbeat
  • low blood pressure
  • fatigue, tiredness
  • lightheadness or dizziness
  • fever
  • cold, clammy skin
  • blue skin (cyanosis)
  • leg pain or swelling (if DVT)
  • fainting

How is saddle PE treated?

Saddle PE is treated the same way that other pulmonary embolisms are treated with blood thinners such as heparin, warfarin, and/or clot-dissolving medication. Sometimes surgery is necessary to remove large blood clots or to place a filter to trap clots.

A PE is a life-threatening condition that requires emergency medical treatment to restore blood flow to the heart/lungs before irreversible damage or death can occur.

If you believe you have a pulmonary embolism, seek emergency treatment or call 911 immediately.

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Cardi B wants another tummy tuck 9 months after giving birth to her son Wave Set Cephus.

The mom-of-2 took to Instagram to inform her followers of her decision to go under the knife again. She said she doesn't like the way her body looks after she delivered her son.

"This stomach, is giving tummy tuck," Cardi said. "Like, it's not bad, but I just don't like this extra little skin. I am a little heavier than usual, but I don't like it, I want to get rid of it. I think Wavey like... did me wrong."

Cardi, 29, has gone under the knife at least half a dozen times. She also had her teeth fixed.

She snapped at critics who dared to suggest she go to a gym and work out to lose the extra pounds.

"[People tell me], 'You lazy, you should just work out. I do whatever the f—k I want to do with my body,'" she said on Instagram Live.

She claimed surgery is a quick solution because she doesn't have the time to work out in a gym.

"I don't have the time of day like you do. Like, my job as an entertainer is a 24-hour job, bro. So no, I don't have time to work out and I wanted specific things that I know that no matter how much I work out, [will] not get fixed."

What is Plastic Surgery Addiction?

Plastic surgery addiction is a psychological disorder characterized by a compulsion for plastic surgery even if additional surgery is unnecessary.

What Causes Plastic Surgery Addiction?

It is caused by body image disturbance, which means a disturbed perception of one's own body. Patients with anorexia nervosa are diagnosed with body image disturbance.

Plastic surgery addiction disorder causes the sufferer to spend thousands of dollars on surgeries, which they believe will make them happy.

People who suffer from surgery addiction disorder are usually insecure, self-absorbed, have low self-esteem, and suffer from depression.

They typically spend a lot of time on social media taking selfies.

They won't stop undergoing surgeries until they run out of money or surgeons refuse to operate on them.

Can Plastic Surgery Addiction Be Treated?

Anti-depressant medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy are effective at treating plastic surgery addiction.

Plastic surgery doesn't help them because their delusions about their body image are not based in reality.

This has been your Medical Minute.


Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.


Experts recommend exercising 20-30 minutes a day to increase muscle strength and improve the cardiovascular system.

But what about people in their 80s and 90s who have never exercised a day in their lives?

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So how do we separate the truth from myths about exercising? When is exercise too much or too little? Is there a benefit to exercising every day like socialite Lori Harvey above?

Fitness experts say there are a lot of myths about exercising, and doctors tend to take a one-size-fits all approach to exercising.

The following are common myths and misinformation about exercising.

1. Do you have to work up a sweat for exercise to count?


No, not necessarily. The main purpose of sweat is to cool your body down when the sweat evaporates off your skin. Always drink water like Miley Cyrus (above). Some people don't sweat during cardio exercise. If you're moving your body, you're exercising whether you sweat or not.

2. Does lifting weights make women bulk up?


No. Women don't have as much testosterone as men, like Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson here. Women can lift weights equal to men, but we don't bulk up unless we take testosterone supplements or steroids. The exception is some women who genetically have more testosterone in their system than normal women.

3. Will abdominal crunches make you lose belly fat?


No. Crunches will strengthen your belly muscles, but they are hidden under a layer of belly fat, like Rebel Wilson above. Men have more testosterone which gives their muscles definition and they burn more fat, like Harry Jowsey below.

Jvshvisions / BACKGRID

4. Will you burn more fat if you exercise longer?


No. Vigorously exercising for more than an hour may cause physical exhaustion unless you are a physically fit athlete with a personal trainer, like Nicole Scherzinger above. High-intensity exercise for shorter periods of time is the best way to burn calories. If you plan high-intensity exercise you should first consult with your doctor to make sure your heart is healthy. Don't forget, your heart is a muscle that naturally weakens with age (over 50).

5. Is strength training the same as cardiovascular exercise?


No. Cardiovascular exercise gets your heart pumping which helps to strengthen your heart muscle. Cardiovascular (aerobic) exercise increases oxygen transportation which is good for your health. Strength training (anaerobic) focuses on adding bulk to specific muscle groups. Women can't add muscle bulk since we don't have enough testosterone. Strength training is not what the female body is designed for.

6. Is sex a good form of cardio exercise?

Yes. Sex is a form of cardio exercise. Sex works some muscle groups and increases oxygen transportation to muscles and the cardiovascular system. But, too much sex is not good for your heart, particularly if you're over 50. Experts suggest avoiding certain exercises if you are over 50. Always consult with your doctor if you plan a workout routine that consists of high-intensity exercise.

7. Is "no pain, no gain" true or false?

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False. Pain is a sign that something is wrong inside your body. You should never push your body until you feel pain. If you feel pain, stop exercising! Pain is a sign that the skeletal muscle is injured. Pain is also a sign of rhabdomyolysis and compartment syndrome.

This has been your Medical Minute.


Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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A recent study in Georgia found that Black women are 1.5 times more likely to die of cervical cancer than white women. Similar studies conducted 10 years ago reached the same conclusions.

40 percent of Black women diagnosed with cervical cancer every year will die.

HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is a sexually transmitted virus that is the main cause of cervical cancer.

Black women continue to lead in the category of high-risk HPV infections. According to, Black women are 1.5 times more likely to test positive for high-risk HPV infections. Also, 56 percent of Black women were still infected 2 years after they were diagnosed.

HPV infection in women clears up on its own. But research has found that Black women have a hard time clearing up HPV infections.

The reasons for the high HPV infection rate among Black women vary from socioeconomic, fear of doctors, a lack of education, no transportation, a lack of nearby clinics and doctors, and a lack of awareness about the HPV vaccine.

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Lesbians have a high prevalence of cervical cancer because of risk factors, such as obesity, smoking, and delay in getting Pap smears and pelvic examinations as recommended.

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease if detected early. Pap smears can often detect early changes in cervical cells that are a precursor to cancer.

According to WSB-TV, some Black women don't know there is a vaccine that can prevent HPV.

The Georgia study recommended that the state expand insurance access, fund programs to prevent and treat cervical cancer, and encourage women to get the HPV vaccine.

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The Internet is still buzzing over the untimely death of YouTube relationship guru Kevin Samuels.

Samuel's mother, Beverly Samuels-Burch, confirmed he died of a cardiac arrest on Thursday morning. Paramedics found him in full cardiac arrest and unresponsive on the floor of his Buckhead apartment.

A cardiac arrest means the heart suddenly stops beating and blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. The person passes out (from lack of oxygenated blood to the brain) and stops breathing.

Brain cells begin dying about 1 minute later if a heartbeat is not restored.

The survival rate for people who experience a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital is less than 10 percent.

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A cardiac arrest is usually caused by an irregular or abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia), underlying medical conditions (such as heart disease), street drugs, prescription medications, smoking, or trauma (gunshot or stab wound).

Most laypeople - even healthcare workers - use the terms "cardiac arrest" and "heart attack" interchangeably. But they are very different.

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Approximately 90% of people hospitalized with a heart attack will survive.

A cardiac arrest is usually not survivable without immediate medical intervention.

Those diagnosed with heart disease are at higher risk of suffering a cardiac arrest.

Cardiac arrests can also occur in young people with no signs of heart disease. In fact, cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death among young athletes.

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T.I. says he is grateful that New Yorkers booed him during his first paid comedy gig in NY last weekend. "I loved every minute of it," he said.

The rapper-turned-comedian tells TMZ he isn't backing down from the pressure after a capacity crowd of 15,000 booed him at a comedy show in Brooklyn's Barclays Center. Instead, he is taking the boos as serious motivation to continue pursuing comedy as a midlife career change.
RELATED: T.I. Booed at Comedy Show in NY (Video)
TMZ caught up with T.I. at LAX Tuesday, and he said being booed was a learning experience for him, and he thinks the boos were an intended insult.

He said he's glad it happened, because now he's able to make adjustments to his material to turn the boos into laughter.

He said he received a standing ovation at his comedy set in Atlanta the next day, so he thinks it wasn't his material that flopped in NY. He believes it was the negative energy from some people in the NY crowd that accelerated the booing.

T.I. may be going through a midlife crisis at age 41 after conquering the rap music world and raising six children with his wife, Tameka "Tiny" Harris, 46.

What is Midlife Crisis?

A midlife crisis occurs when some people (mostly men) transition to middle age and have difficulty letting go of their youth. Some men may believe their "best years" are behind them and they dress differently in an attempt to look younger than their stated age.

Midlife crisis generally occurs between the ages of 40 to 60. That's when men feel uneasy about growing older and believe they lack accomplishments in life.

Sometimes mental issues, like early onset Alzheimer's and dementia, are mistaken for a midlife crisis.

Signs and Symptoms of Midlife Crisis

  • Concerns over aging
  • Unhappiness and dissatisfaction in life
  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Memory loss
  • Boredom with your relationship
  • Change in appearance to look youthful
  • Need for attention
  • Mood changes (anger, irritability, sadness)
  • Heightened sensitivity to criticism
  • Lack of interest in activities you used to enjoy
  • Decrease in sexual desire
  • Erectile dysfunction


How Long Does Midlife Crisis Last?

Midlife crisis lasts until you accept you are aging and begin to enjoy your twilight years.

This has been your Medical Minute.

Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.


Will Smith's assault on Oscars host Chris Rock shined a spotlight on Jada Pinkett Smith's medical condition on Sunday.

Smith, 53, walked onstage and slapped host Chris Rock, 57, after the comedian cracked a joke about Pinkett Smith's alopecia (hair loss).

Lionel Hahn/Getty Images

Pinkett Smith, 50, announced her struggle with hair loss in 2018. She shaved her hair in 2021 after daughter, Willow Smith (2nd from left), had previously shaved her head.

Pinkett Smith frequently discussed her alopecia diagnosis in her popular Facebook series "Red Table Talk."

"My hair has been a big part of me," she said in 2018. "Taking care of my hair has been a beautiful ritual and having the choice to have hair or not. And then one day to be like, 'Oh my god, I might not have that choice anymore.'"

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia areata is caused by the immune system attacking the scalp and hair follicles. The condition is characterized by round or oval smooth, shiny patches of skin on the scalp. Smooth, shiny skin means the hair follicle is destroyed and hair will never grow from the follicle.

Alopecia areata occurs when the immune system mistakes healthy scalp cells for foreign invaders and attacks the scalp and follicles.

Is There a Cure for Alopecia?

There is no cure for alopecia areata but treatment can prevent the disease from progressing to Alopecia Totalis -- total loss of all the hair on the head. A small percentage of people will also suffer total hair loss on their body. Alopecia areata is not contagious and can't spread to others in your family.

Treatment for Alopecia

Treatment for alopecia areata includes steroidal pills, creams or ointments to decrease inflammation. Minoxidil (Rogaine) is used in addition to steroidal creams. Hair growth may return in 8-12 weeks.

Natural treatment includes aromatherapy, acupuncture, microneedling, probiotics, laser therapy, vitamins like zinc and biotin, and aloe vera drinks.

Doctors also recommend applying essential oils like tea tree, rosemary, lavender, and peppermint directly to the scalp.

It's important to dilute essentials oils in a carrier oil, such as coconut oil or almond oil, to minimize irritation to the scalp.

Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach. An esophageal tumor can appear anywhere along the lining inside the esophagus.

As the tumor grows into the esophageal muscle, it can spread to nearby organs, including the throat and stomach (metastasize). Esophageal cancer cells found in distant parts of the body are diagnosed as stage IV esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer is the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. It is a rare type of cancer and makes up 1% of cancer deaths in the United States. Men are three times more likely than women to be diagnosed with esophageal cancer. The risk increases over age 45.


The cause of esophageal cancer is unknown. Risk factors include smoking, alcoholism, drinking very hot coffee or tea, obesity, acid reflux (GERD), esophagitis (irritation caused by acid), Barrett's esophagus, poor diet that lacks fruits and vegetables.

Symptoms of esophageal cancer

Early symptoms are usually non-existent or mild and may include dry throat, hoarse voice, frequently clearing your throat, and mild weight loss.

As the disease progresses, symptoms include throat pain and difficulty swallowing, food coming back up, choking on food, chest pain, unexplained weight loss, swollen neck glands, dry cough, coughing up blood or vomiting.

Other symptoms include:

  • Indigestion
  • Passing gas (flatulence)
  • Bloating abdomen
  • Belching
  • Heartburn
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chronic cough
  • Hiccups
  • Diagnosing esophageal cancer

    Tests for diagnosing esophageal cancer include endoscopy, barium swallow, biopsy, CT scan or PET scan.


    Chemotherapy or radiation therapy are standard treatments to shrink tumors. Doctors may also recommend surgery to remove tumors if the tumors are small and haven't spread from the original site.


    The prognosis for esophageal cancer is good with early detection and prompt treatment.

    This has been your Medical Minute.

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.

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    The Internet is reacting to Jeannie Mai-Jenkins and Jeezy allegedly raising their child to be gender fluid or gender neutral. Their decision sparked debates on social media and blogs.

    Jeezy's fans, in particular, are having difficulty understanding the concept of raising a child to be genderless.

    RELATED: Jeannie Mai Jenkins & Jeezy raising their newborn child to be gender fluid
    Gender fluid means a person who's gender expression or gender identity is neutral or shifts between masculine or feminine from day to day.

    The Gender fluid movement is part of a larger agenda to raise children who view sexuality on a spectrum rather than strictly heterosexual.

    Zero Creatives/Getty Images

    Parents who choose to raise a genderless baby typically expect friends and family to avoid using male or female pronouns in the presence of their baby. They are also asked to refrain from giving their child toys designed for girls or boys.

    Stores like Target eliminated its pink and blue aisles to help parents who are raising their children to be genderless.

    Jeannie recently revealed her child's gender neutral nursery that lacks the primary colors red, blue and yellow. Primary colors cannot be mixed from other colors and are the source of all other colors.

    A baby's developing brain needs primary colors in order to see the world correctly. Toy makers use the colors red, blue and yellow for this purpose.
    RELATED: When Can Babies See Color?

    Prince Williams/ reacted strongly to the news that Jeezy, formerly "Snowman," is raising his child to be gender fluid.

    "I will say this, that is a far cry from the Snowman that we once knew from back in the day if this is true. Clearly, Jeezy has grown up right before our eyes over the last couple of decades and he is no longer a drug-dealing & rapping Trapstar."

    Brianna R/500px/Getty Images published an article featuring tips on raising a gender fluid child.

    1. Make gender less important

    Remove gender labels from your language. Focus on how kids can be free of restrictions based on gender norms. Don't comment on a girl's physical appearance.

    2. Point out sexism in the world around them

    Parents must teach their children about sexism and stereotypes. Help kids recognize stereotypes whenever you spot them and know how sexism shapes the world we live in.

    3. Remember that toys do not have a gender

    Give children toys that are vital to their physical and psychological development such as blocks and board games that teach counting and spatial skills.

    4. Watch out for the "pink and blue tsunami"

    The brain is at its most malleable up until around the age of seven. "This is why gender neutrality matters," says Gina Rippon, professor emeritus of cognitive neuroimaging at Aston University, UK. She says avoid the "pink and blue tsunami," in which the constant stressing of differences between boys and girls will change their brain and their behavior.

    5. Do not try to erase gender

    Don't emphasize gender but don't completely erase gender either. The goal is not to erase gender, but to reduce the impact of gender stereotypes that accompany gender labels, says Lisa Dinella, associate professor of psychology at Monmouth University, New Jersey.