Guillermo Proano/WENN

Sylvester Stallone was seen dining at Craig's restaurant in Los Angeles on Wednesday. The 74-year-old actor is best known for his sensitive portrayal of a fictional boxer Rocky Balboa in the '70s Rocky film franchise.

Men with barrel chests typically have unusually large, round rib cages. The term "barrel chest" refers to a rounded chest that's shaped like a barrel.

Guillermo Proano/WENN

A barrel chest is not a disease, but it can indicate an underlying medical problem.

The rounded chest shape is caused by the rib cage naturally protruding as a man ages. It is typically seen in obese men and men who have an exaggerated forward rounding back (kyphosis).

Barrel chest can be caused by medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), congestive heart failure (CHF), emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or osteoarthritis.

Barrel chest occurs because the lungs are overinflated with air, and the rib cage remains expanded rather than retract when a man exhales.

When the rib cage remains expanded or protruding, it can cause breathing irregularities and shortness of breath because air is trapped in the lungs and can't be fully expelled.

A barrel chest by itself does not require treatment. But it is a cause for concern if a barrel chest is accompanied by respiratory symptoms.

This has been your Medical Minute.

Photo may have been deleted

Getty Images

Clubbing of the fingers means the ends of the fingers are bulging, soft and sometimes reddened with wide, distorted fingernails that slope downward and are shaped like small spoons.

Photo may have been deleted

very well health

If you notice clubbing of the fingers, you should contact your doctor or a health provider because it could be a sign of a serious health problem.

There are two types of clubbed fingers: primary (hereditary), which means a lifelong clubbed appearance of the fingers that is not associated with any health problems.

The other type is called secondary clubbing, which causes a gradual change in the appearance of your fingers and toes over a short period of time.

What causes secondary clubbing?

Secondary clubbing is always a sign of a serious health problem and you should contact a doctor or healthcare provider.

Secondary clubbing of the fingers is usually a sign of a chronic respiratory/lung disease or heart disease.

This sign is also associated with a number of medical conditions that can be harmful that involve the thyroid or digestive system.

The condition occurs because of decreased oxygen levels which causes changes in the tiny blood vessels in the body in response to low oxygen and shows up significantly in the fingers.

The bulging in fingertips is associated with inflammation and the growth of tiny blood vessels and soft tissue in the fingers.

Risk factors associated with clubbing include:

  • Lung cancer
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Lung abscess
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pulmonary lymphoma
  • Congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Graves' disease
  • Overactive thyroid gland
  •  

    Diagnosis to Assess Underlying Conditions

    Primary clubbing of the fingers is harmless. Secondary clubbing of the fingers will require diagnostic tests.

    The tests include:

    1. Physical examination

    2. A pulse oximeter (pulse ox) to measure the oxygen levels in your blood

    3. Pulmonary function tests to measure your lung capacity

    4. Arterial blood gas, a blood test to measure your 02 level

    5. Chest X-ray or chest computerized tomography (CT)

    6. Electrocardiogram (EKG) or echocardiogram to assess your heart function

    7. Blood tests, including complete blood count (CBC), electrolytes, liver function test, and thyroid test

    This has been your Medical Minute.
     

    More Info On the Web

    Clubbing of Fingers | very well health

    Clubbing of the Fingers or Toes - Healthline

    Clubbing of fingers - Mayo Clinic

    DISCLAIMER

    Any medical information published on this blog is for your general information only and is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice. You should not take any action before consulting with your personal physician or a health care provider. Sandrarose.com and its affiliates cannot be held liable for any damages incurred by following information found on this blog.