By Sandra Rose  | 

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Two children in the US - one in California - have been diagnosed with monkeypox, an infectious virus similar to smallpox.

Both cases are "likely the result of household transmission" and "had no contact with each other," the Centers for Disease Control said in a statement.

CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said both children live with gay men.

"Both of those children are traced back to individuals who come from the men who have sex with men community," said Walensky (see video below).

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The monkeypox infection rate in the U.S. is highest in the gay and bisexual community among men who have sex with men.

Monkeypox is not a sexually transmitted disease. It is not a gay disease.

Monkeypox infects adults with compromised immune systems, such as people who are diagnosed with HIV and AIDS, type 1 diabetes, Lupus, or people taking chemotherapy and other drugs.

Compromised immunity means an immune system that isn't functioning properly and does not protect against infection.

Monkeypox also infects pregnant women who may be temporarily immunosuppressed du to gestational diabetes, and babies and toddlers who do not have fully developed immune systems yet.

Monkeypox cases are rising in Atlanta, Georgia where more than 50% of gay males are infected with the HIV virus and have suppressed immune systems.

Monkeypox is spread through skin to skin contact and possibly through airborne droplets.

The virus is spread among people with weak immune systems and babies who don't have fully developed immune systems.

Monkeypox is not a fatal disease. Only 5 deaths have been recorded outside of the US. None in the US.

Even if your immune system is strong, stay vigilant, wash your hands and don't touch your face.